This is an edited version of the record of proceedings of a 2-day community justice conference held in Oak Ridge, Tenn., in 1986, which focused on the costs, benefits, successes, and failures of restitution, reconciliation, and alternative sentencing programs in Tennessee and other U.S. jurisdictions. Examples of alternatives to imprisonment are presented from Minnesota, Michigan, Indiana, Utah, and principally from Tennessee. The programs described encompass victim-offender reconciliation, victim-offender mediation programs, community service for adults and juveniles, victim restitution for juvenile and adult offenders, halfway houses, and intensive supervision. The goals, operations, costs, and effectiveness of these programs are discussed.
Source: Vanspauwen, K., Robert, L., Aertsen, I., Parmentier, S. (2003), Restorative Justice and Restorative Detention. A selected and annotated bibliography. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Onderzoeksgroep Penologie en Victimologie.